19 The rules for the Nobel Prize in Physics require that the significance of achievements being recognized has been "tested by time".
In Search of Schrödinger's Cat: Quantum Physics and Reality.
94 96 During World War II, the medals of German scientists Max von dl voucher size Laue and James Franck were sent to Copenhagen for safekeeping.
Wilhelm Röntgen in recognition of the extraordinary services he rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays (or x-rays ).All nomination records for a prize are sealed for 50 years from the awarding of the prize.These medals and the ones for Physiology/Medicine and Literature were designed by Erik Lindberg in 1902.25 a b Breithaupt, Holger (2001)."The Nobel Prize Diplomas".(As of 2017, each prize is worth 9,000,000 SEK, or about US1,110,000, 944,000, 836,000 or 73,800,000.5657 "Nomination Database: Gaston Ramon"."The Nobel Foundation History".The Nobel Committee's Physics Prize shortlist cited Wilhelm Röntgen 's discovery of X-rays and Philipp Lenard 's work on cathode rays.All of them were awarded their diplomas and gold medals after World War.(1997 "A Nobel Tale of Postwar Injustice Physics Today, 50 (9 2632, Bibcode : 1997PhT.50i.26C, doi :.1063/1.881933 Excerpt from the Will of Alfred Nobel.166 Their daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, received the Chemistry Prize in 1935 together with her husband Frédéric Joliot-Curie.Swedish Academy ; and those who contribute to peace by the Norwegian Nobel Committee appointed.A group including 42 Swedish writers, artists, and literary critics protested against this decision, having expected Leo Tolstoy to be awarded.Ragnar Sohlman : 1983, Page 7 von Euler,.S.Retrieved "Gerardus 't Hooft - Biographical".Retrieved "Finn Kydland and Edward Prescott's Contribution to Dynamic Macroeconomics" (PDF).For a comprehensive list of Nobel Prize recipients, see.Retrieved "nobel prize winner: Herta Muller".
"Top ten Nobel Prize rows".
146 When a prize is awarded to recognise an achievement by a team of more than three collaborators, one or more will miss out.